Rural Infrastructure

(USD 12.18 million/PKR 1,035.50 million, or 37% of the total base cost)

The  objectives  of  this component  are  to enhance  the access  of the rural  populations,  both fishermen  and  farmers,  to  economic  /  livelihood  opportunities  and  to  social  services  including education  and  health  facilities.  This would be achieved through the 

  1. Provision of  missing  road linkages between fisheries and agriculture production points and Coastal Highway and RCD Highway and
  2. Through implementation of small and medium scale community based infrastructure schemes.

Rural Roads:- The project will construct a total of 16 roads having average length of 5.77 km per road and a total length of 92.4 km.  In Gwadar, three roads with a total length of 36.078 km, costing PKR 276 million will be constructed. These roads will link the proposed jetty sites / main fish landing sites to coastal highway. The average length of each road is about 12.03 km. In Lasbela the project will construct 13 roads with a total length of 56.27 km costing PKR 324 million. These roads will provide farm to market linkage through two main highways (Coastal Highway and RCD Highway-N25) and one main Dureji Road  linking eastern side of  the district Lasbela with N25. The average length of these roads is about 4.33 km. The  lengths of  roads  reflected  in  the  list  are  indicative only and the actual  lengths will  be  adjusted  by the PMU  and the  Communication and Works  (C&W) Department on the basis of the actual survey. However the overall length of all roads shall remain within the project specified target. Further, all identified roads will follow the existing katcha tracks. The design includes the potential for water harvesting by building road embankments along contour lines, strategically placing culverts, and feeding water ponds. Upon completion, these roads will benefit 28,500 and 81,500 persons in Gwadar and Lasbela respectively.

The Rural Roads sub-component will be implemented by C&W Department using standard design, costing, and bidding procedures with due regard for IFAD’s procurement guidelines.

Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI):- During the process of community mobilization and organization of COs/VOs, the communities will be assisted by the social mobilization teams of NRSP to prioritise their community Infrastructure needs, especially those which contribute to their economic and social well being, and possible options to address some of these priority needs. The community members will be informed about the available funding and terms and conditions for accessing these funds. Based on agreed priorities and terms and conditions, feasibility studies will be conducted by Field Engineers and Social Organizers.

Once  a  feasibility  study  is  completed,  a  project  digest  including  all  details  (technical,  social, environmental, cost estimates, design, etc) based on  the operations manual and  field guide, will be finalized  and  shared  with  the  COs. The first feasibility report for each type of infrastructure in each district will be sent to the PMU for review.

It is important to note that the CPIs are indicative. Water harvesting techniques are proposed among CPIs, Final decisions will reflect the needs of the beneficiary communities identified in the community planning exercise, therefore the type and number of schemes under each type may vary considerably. The brief description of the projects envisioned to be implemented under these categories is explained here under;

Drinking Water Supply (DWS):- The water scarcity is a major problem in the intervening districts as such  the availability of drinking water will  lead  to  time savings particularly  for women which can be utilized  in other  income generating activities. The better quality of water will also contribute towards improved health and will save the health related costs.

The  indicative  sub  types  include;  drinking  water  storage  tanks,  hand  pumps,  drinking water  supply  schemes  and  rehabilitation  of  existing  DWS  schemes. 

Irrigation:- The  irrigation  schemes  have  been  assessed  as  the  second  most  desired schemes  in  the  area  particularly  in  district  Lasbela  where  rain/flood  water  is  tapped  in traditional ways  to  irrigate  the cropping  lands. The tentative sub projects under irrigation category include, Spat irrigations/Bandaats, Karezes, protective bunds and watercourse linings. The  provision  of  these  schemes will  yield  increased  crop  production  and  higher cash  returns. 

Drainage  and  Sanitation:- Under  this  category  small  drains  will  be  constructed  and streets will be paved. The provision of these schemes will improve the hygienic look of the areas besides reducing the water borne diseases. The health and hygiene awareness will be an integral part of all such schemes.

Others Schemes:- The provision has been made  to  cater  the  infrastructure demands of the  community  for  innovative  projects;  like  solar  electrification,  solar  pumps,  smokeless stoves  etc. and protective  works.  These projects however should meet the general eligibility criteria of CPI schemes. These schemes would be so chosen that they would not require  expansive  O&M  and  shall be  within  the  operational  capacity  of  beneficiary communities.