(USD 12.18 million/PKR 1,035.50 million, or 37% of the total base cost)
The objectives of this component are to enhance the access of the rural populations, both fishermen and farmers, to economic / livelihood opportunities and to social services including education and health facilities. This would be achieved through the
Rural Roads:- The project will construct a total of 16 roads having average length of 5.77 km per road and a total length of 92.4 km. In Gwadar, three roads with a total length of 36.078 km, costing PKR 276 million will be constructed. These roads will link the proposed jetty sites / main fish landing sites to coastal highway. The average length of each road is about 12.03 km. In Lasbela the project will construct 13 roads with a total length of 56.27 km costing PKR 324 million. These roads will provide farm to market linkage through two main highways (Coastal Highway and RCD Highway-N25) and one main Dureji Road linking eastern side of the district Lasbela with N25. The average length of these roads is about 4.33 km. The lengths of roads reflected in the list are indicative only and the actual lengths will be adjusted by the PMU and the Communication and Works (C&W) Department on the basis of the actual survey. However the overall length of all roads shall remain within the project specified target. Further, all identified roads will follow the existing katcha tracks. The design includes the potential for water harvesting by building road embankments along contour lines, strategically placing culverts, and feeding water ponds. Upon completion, these roads will benefit 28,500 and 81,500 persons in Gwadar and Lasbela respectively.
The Rural Roads sub-component will be implemented by C&W Department using standard design, costing, and bidding procedures with due regard for IFAD’s procurement guidelines.
Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI):- During the process of community mobilization and organization of COs/VOs, the communities will be assisted by the social mobilization teams of NRSP to prioritise their community Infrastructure needs, especially those which contribute to their economic and social well being, and possible options to address some of these priority needs. The community members will be informed about the available funding and terms and conditions for accessing these funds. Based on agreed priorities and terms and conditions, feasibility studies will be conducted by Field Engineers and Social Organizers.
Once a feasibility study is completed, a project digest including all details (technical, social, environmental, cost estimates, design, etc) based on the operations manual and field guide, will be finalized and shared with the COs. The first feasibility report for each type of infrastructure in each district will be sent to the PMU for review.
It is important to note that the CPIs are indicative. Water harvesting techniques are proposed among CPIs, Final decisions will reflect the needs of the beneficiary communities identified in the community planning exercise, therefore the type and number of schemes under each type may vary considerably. The brief description of the projects envisioned to be implemented under these categories is explained here under;
Drinking Water Supply (DWS):- The water scarcity is a major problem in the intervening districts as such the availability of drinking water will lead to time savings particularly for women which can be utilized in other income generating activities. The better quality of water will also contribute towards improved health and will save the health related costs.
The indicative sub types include; drinking water storage tanks, hand pumps, drinking water supply schemes and rehabilitation of existing DWS schemes.
Irrigation:- The irrigation schemes have been assessed as the second most desired schemes in the area particularly in district Lasbela where rain/flood water is tapped in traditional ways to irrigate the cropping lands. The tentative sub projects under irrigation category include, Spat irrigations/Bandaats, Karezes, protective bunds and watercourse linings. The provision of these schemes will yield increased crop production and higher cash returns.
Drainage and Sanitation:- Under this category small drains will be constructed and streets will be paved. The provision of these schemes will improve the hygienic look of the areas besides reducing the water borne diseases. The health and hygiene awareness will be an integral part of all such schemes.
Others Schemes:- The provision has been made to cater the infrastructure demands of the community for innovative projects; like solar electrification, solar pumps, smokeless stoves etc. and protective works. These projects however should meet the general eligibility criteria of CPI schemes. These schemes would be so chosen that they would not require expansive O&M and shall be within the operational capacity of beneficiary communities.