Fisheries Development

(USD 14.65 million/PKR 1,244.90 million, or 45% of the total base cost)

The  specific  objective  of  this component  is  to  increase  incomes  of  small  fishermen  who operate  own  boats  or work  as  hired  hands  through  reduction  of waste/loss  in  existing  catches  by means  of  improved  landing  and marketing  infrastructure,  access  to  capital,  improvements  in  boats and  fishing  gear  and  improved  knowledge,  capacity  and  understanding  of  both  fishermen  and provincial  regulatory/support organizations. Reduced  losses and  improved catch quality will result  in higher  incomes  and  overall  improvement  on  the  socio-economic  conditions  of  the  poor  fishermen communities. The key interventions under this sub-component will include:

  1. Construction of  Jetties and  Allied  Infrastructure
  2. Support  to  Fishing communities
  3. Institutional  Capacity  Building
  4. Community Managed Financial Services.

Construction  of  Jetties  and  Allied  Infrastructure:- Most of the landing sites along the Balochistan coastline have poor or non-existent landing facilities and support infrastructure. In order to address this crucial constraint, the project will finance the construction of four jetties and related support infrastructure like auction hall, chill room/ice plant, gear storage, repair workshop, stores, fuel facility etc. The  sites  for the construction  of  jetties  and  support infrastructure will  be  selected  from eight potential  sites  identified  through  a  rapid  survey  by  the  Project Design Mission together  with  the provincial Fisheries Department. The potential eight sites were identified on the basis of the number of fishermen/fishing communities residing, number of boats landing on these sites, relative accessibility to roads and fisherman community‚Äôs demand for establishment of jetties on these particular sites. 

The management of the landing sites, including their operations and maintenance, will be the responsibility of a joint management committee comprising fishery CO members/representatives and the Fisheries Department.

Support to Fishing Communities:- The  project will  provide  insulated  plastic  containers  and crates  to about 2,000  small boat owners  (outboard engine),  for better handling  and preservation of catch while at sea and during landing.  The project will also provide basic safety equipment (such as navigation  lights)  and  training  in  safety  at  sea  for  the  skippers  and  crews.    The selection of such beneficiary boat owners will be done in consultation with the COs, with priority given to the poorest.

Institutional  Capacity  Building:- This will involve:

    • Capacity  building  of  the  Fisheries Department
    • Support  for  a  functional  SPS  compliance system
    • Support for sustainable fisheries management.

In  the area of capacity building,  the project will support  the strengthening of the  Fisheries  Training  Centre in Surbunder, through curriculum  development,  specification  of  pilot plan  and  laboratories,  and  training  of  trainers  from  Fisheries  Department.

The project will provide support to the provincial Fisheries Department to strengthen the SPS Compliance System. This includes, for example, acquainting  fishermen, boat builders, fish processor representatives and Government officials from Balochistan with sanitary and quality requirements,  in particular  those  related  to  the application of on board  fish handling and processing  techniques and facilities based on  the HACCP-concept. SPS compliance will also include regulation of the sanitary conditions for domestic trade, exports of fishery products by road to Iran, as well as trade with other regional and international markets.

The  project  will provide support to the  Provincial  Government  to  develop a new  regulatory framework  for  sanitary  controls  for  fishery  products.  The project will provide equipment for fish inspectors.  Pick-up vehicles will also be provided to ensure that they can reach landing sites and support other project funded community based activities. Inspectors  will  be  trained  in  food  safety  hazards  and  HACCP  in  the  fishery  sector  and  in  the implementation  of  the  inspection  procedures. These trainings will be provided by the Fisheries Training Centre.

The project will support for upgrading of the system of  fisheries statistics  through provision of technical  assistance,  computers, suitable  software  and  training  of  fisheries  officers  responsible  for data collection and analysis. The project will work to propose policy options for the development of a system  of  fisheries  management,  considering  the  need  for  science  based  management recommendations,  improved  governance,  stakeholder  representation  including  community  based management,  transparency  in  management  decisions,  precautionary  principles  and  above  all  the requirement for sustainable  fisheries. These policy options will be discussed leading up to advice for the development of revise fisheries legislation (both primary and secondary).

Community Managed Financial Services:- The  project  will  provide  Community  Managed  Financial  Services  (CMFS)  which  will consist of a range of affordable  financial services  to resource poor coastal communities. The project will  seek  collaboration  with  IFAD-financed  Microfinance  Innovation  and  Outreach  Project  (MIOP) currently implemented through PPAF. A particular focus will be the development of a fisheries-related product  under  MIOP,  for  which  NRSP  is  an  implementing  Partner  Organization. Such financial Product may consist of a facility (possibly direct credit) for refinancing the debts of fishermen.

CMFS will initially be operated by NRSP.  The  management  of  CMFS  will  gradually  be transferred  to  the  communities  upon  achievement  of  a  required  level  of  institutional  maturity  and management skills. The transfer process is expected to commence for those VOs showing sufficient capacity after three years.  VOs  not  considered  ready  to  assume  control  after  three  years  would continue to access loans through NRSP for further two years, with the transfer process starting at the end of the fifth year. Eligibility criteria for transfer will be established at the start of project and formally notified. The  criteria would  include,  among  other  things,  institutional maturity  of  the VO,  number  of poor  members,  capacity  and repute  of  the  office  bearers,  track  record  of  own  savings  and  their utilization, performance against other project interventions etc. NRSP will also be responsible to build community capacity to utilize and eventually manage financial services