The Gwadar-Lasbela Livelihoods Support Project will cover the two coastal districts of Gwadar and Lasbela in the province of Balochistan, where over 60 per cent of the population live in poverty. The project will primarily target poor rural households in 26 rural union councils or 382 villages in Gwadar and Lasbela, including small-scale landowners or landless tenants, small-scale fishers, and women. The project is expected to benefit about 20,000 rural households or 116,000 people - some 35 percent of the rural households in the two districts.

Coastal communities rely on fisheries as their main source of livelihood. Despite having large and well-endowed fishing grounds, the population does not obtain corresponding returns owing to a combination of inadequate support infrastructure, antiquated harvesting and transport practices, underdeveloped markets and processing facilities, and the limited capacities and resources of the fishing communities. The project will address some of these constraints by improving physical infrastructure and marketing facilities in Gwadar and Lasbela, enhancing communities' access to capital, strengthening community and village organizations, and building capacity among the regulatory/support organizations