(USD 14.65 million/PKR 1,244.90 million, or 45% of the total base cost)
The specific objective of this component is to increase incomes of small fishermen who operate own boats or work as hired hands through reduction of waste/loss in existing catches by means of improved landing and marketing infrastructure, access to capital, improvements in boats and fishing gear and improved knowledge, capacity and understanding of both fishermen and provincial regulatory/support organizations. Reduced losses and improved catch quality will result in higher incomes and overall improvement on the socio-economic conditions of the poor fishermen communities. The key interventions under this sub-component will include:
Construction of Jetties and Allied Infrastructure:- Most of the landing sites along the Balochistan coastline have poor or non-existent landing facilities and support infrastructure. In order to address this crucial constraint, the project will finance the construction of four jetties and related support infrastructure like auction hall, chill room/ice plant, gear storage, repair workshop, stores, fuel facility etc. The sites for the construction of jetties and support infrastructure will be selected from eight potential sites identified through a rapid survey by the Project Design Mission together with the provincial Fisheries Department. The potential eight sites were identified on the basis of the number of fishermen/fishing communities residing, number of boats landing on these sites, relative accessibility to roads and fisherman community’s demand for establishment of jetties on these particular sites.
The management of the landing sites, including their operations and maintenance, will be the responsibility of a joint management committee comprising fishery CO members/representatives and the Fisheries Department.
Support to Fishing Communities:- The project will provide insulated plastic containers and crates to about 2,000 small boat owners (outboard engine), for better handling and preservation of catch while at sea and during landing. The project will also provide basic safety equipment (such as navigation lights) and training in safety at sea for the skippers and crews. The selection of such beneficiary boat owners will be done in consultation with the COs, with priority given to the poorest.
Institutional Capacity Building:- This will involve:
In the area of capacity building, the project will support the strengthening of the Fisheries Training Centre in Surbunder, through curriculum development, specification of pilot plan and laboratories, and training of trainers from Fisheries Department.
The project will provide support to the provincial Fisheries Department to strengthen the SPS Compliance System. This includes, for example, acquainting fishermen, boat builders, fish processor representatives and Government officials from Balochistan with sanitary and quality requirements, in particular those related to the application of on board fish handling and processing techniques and facilities based on the HACCP-concept. SPS compliance will also include regulation of the sanitary conditions for domestic trade, exports of fishery products by road to Iran, as well as trade with other regional and international markets.
The project will provide support to the Provincial Government to develop a new regulatory framework for sanitary controls for fishery products. The project will provide equipment for fish inspectors. Pick-up vehicles will also be provided to ensure that they can reach landing sites and support other project funded community based activities. Inspectors will be trained in food safety hazards and HACCP in the fishery sector and in the implementation of the inspection procedures. These trainings will be provided by the Fisheries Training Centre.
The project will support for upgrading of the system of fisheries statistics through provision of technical assistance, computers, suitable software and training of fisheries officers responsible for data collection and analysis. The project will work to propose policy options for the development of a system of fisheries management, considering the need for science based management recommendations, improved governance, stakeholder representation including community based management, transparency in management decisions, precautionary principles and above all the requirement for sustainable fisheries. These policy options will be discussed leading up to advice for the development of revise fisheries legislation (both primary and secondary).
Community Managed Financial Services:- The project will provide Community Managed Financial Services (CMFS) which will consist of a range of affordable financial services to resource poor coastal communities. The project will seek collaboration with IFAD-financed Microfinance Innovation and Outreach Project (MIOP) currently implemented through PPAF. A particular focus will be the development of a fisheries-related product under MIOP, for which NRSP is an implementing Partner Organization. Such financial Product may consist of a facility (possibly direct credit) for refinancing the debts of fishermen.
CMFS will initially be operated by NRSP. The management of CMFS will gradually be transferred to the communities upon achievement of a required level of institutional maturity and management skills. The transfer process is expected to commence for those VOs showing sufficient capacity after three years. VOs not considered ready to assume control after three years would continue to access loans through NRSP for further two years, with the transfer process starting at the end of the fifth year. Eligibility criteria for transfer will be established at the start of project and formally notified. The criteria would include, among other things, institutional maturity of the VO, number of poor members, capacity and repute of the office bearers, track record of own savings and their utilization, performance against other project interventions etc. NRSP will also be responsible to build community capacity to utilize and eventually manage financial services